1932 – 2014Spain
Francisco Sobrino was born in Guadalajara, Spain, in 1932. He studied in Madrid and then moved to Argentina, where he attended the National School of Fine Arts in Buenos Aires. In 1959 he settled in Paris, taking an interest in visual research and deepening his studies on the structure and dynamics of shapes, perception and colors. In 1960, together with Julio Le Parc , François Morellet and others, he founded the Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) which, active in Paris until 1968, summarizes the concept of the social function of art, conceived as a product no longer individual but collective. Since 1961 Sobrino focuses its research on three-dimensional constructions, using modular elements in transparent plexiglas, whose regular structures, due to the overlapping of the parts, seem to change according to the observer’s point of view. In 1964 he exhibited at Documenta in Kassel, and the following year at the exhibition “The Responsive Eye ” at MoMA . Since 1971 he has received commissions from the cities of Grenoble, Madrid and Paris for the creation of sculptures to be installed in public places. Sobrino , whose works are present in important museum institutions, such as the Tate Gallery in London and the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, died in Paris in 2014.